Atma Shatakam

Atma Shatakam

The आत्मषटकम् Atmashatakam also known as the निर्वाणषटकम् Nirvaanashatakam was composed by Adi Shankaracharya.

These are ideal songs for an enlightened soul. Ultimate realization comes from knowing one’s own soul. Here we recognize that there is no reality other than the true self.

The ultimate “I” is addressed in these shlokas, creating a distinction between the elements which we usually feel is the self versus the Ultimate Self. Everything comes from and merges into Brahman, therefore everything is Brahman.

[tooltips keyword=”मनोबुद्धयहंकार चित्तानि नाहं” content=”I am not mind, intellect or ego; I am not even the contents of the mind मन mind बुद्धि intellect अहङ्कार ego चित्त the matter that the mind is made up of न अहम् I am not “], [tooltips keyword=”न च श्रोत्रजिव्हे न च घ्राणनेत्रे” content=”and I am not । the organs or senses of ears/hearing, tongue/tasting, nose/smelling or eyes/sight न च and not श्रोत्र ears जिव्हे tongue न च and not घ्राण nose/smell नेत्रे eyes/eyesight”]।
[tooltips keyword=”न च व्योम भूमिर्न तेजो न वायुः” content=”I am not sky/space, earth, fire or air, न च and not व्योम sky or space भूमि earth तेजो energy, fire वायु air”], [tooltips keyword=”चिदानन्दरूपः शिवोऽहम् शिवोऽहम्” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. चित् consciousness आनन्द bliss रूप nature, form शिव Shiva, God-consciousness अहम् I am”]॥

[tooltips keyword=”Mano buddhyahankara chittani naham” content=”I am not mind, intellect or ego; I am not even the contents of the mind मन mind बुद्धि intellect अहङ्कार ego चित्त the matter that the mind is made up of न अहम् I am not “],
[tooltips keyword=”Na cha shrotra jihve, na cha ghraṇa netre” content=”and I am not । the organs or senses of ears/hearing, tongue/tasting, nose/smelling or eyes/sight न च and not श्रोत्र ears जिव्हे tongue न च and not घ्राण nose/smell नेत्रे eyes/eyesight”].
[tooltips keyword=”Na cha vyoma bhumih na tejo na vayuh” content=”I am not sky/space, earth, fire or air, न च and not व्योम sky or space भूमि earth तेजो energy, fire वायु air”]
[tooltips keyword=”Chidaananda rupah shivoham shivoham” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. चित् consciousness आनन्द bliss रूप nature, form शिव Shiva, God-consciousness अहम् I am”].

I1 am not intellect, ego or mind, I have no ears or hearing force; no tongue or taste; no nostril or smell; no eyes or sight2; I am not of the space, earth, light or wind; I am pure consciousness, Bliss, the Self; I am Auspiciousness, auspiciousness alone!

[tooltips keyword=”न च प्राणसंज्ञो न वै पंचवायुः” content=”I am neither praana (vital breath) nor conscious of praana; I am not the five vital airs न च and not प्राण vital breath संज्ञो conscious of न not वै or पंचवायुः the five forms of air”], [tooltips keyword=”न वा सप्तधातुः न वा पञ्चकोशः” content=”I am not the seven dhaatus and I am not the five sheaths of the body. न वा not of सप्तधातुः the seven dhatus न वा not of the पञ्चकोशः five koshas (sheaths)”]।
[tooltips keyword=”न वाक्पाणिपादं न चोपस्थपायु” content=”not of speech, not the hands or feet; and not force behind the movement of the body or materials within the body for absorption or elimination न not वाक् speech पणि hands पाद feet न not चोपति (चुप्) move पायु organs of elimination”], [tooltips keyword=”चिदानन्दरूपः शिवोऽहम् शिवोऽहम्” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. चित् consciousness आनन्द bliss रूप nature, form शिव Shiva, God-consciousness अहम् I am”]॥

[tooltips keyword=”Na cha praaṇa saṅgyo na vai paṅcha vayuh” content=”I am neither praana (vital breath) nor conscious of praana; I am not the five vital airs न च and not प्राण vital breath संज्ञो conscious of न not वै or पंचवायुः the five forms of air”]
[tooltips keyword=”Na vaa sapta dhaatur na vaa paṇcha koshah” content=”I am not the seven dhaatus and I am not the five sheaths of the body. न वा not of सप्तधातुः the seven dhatus न वा not of the पञ्चकोशः five koshas (sheaths)”]
[tooltips keyword=”Na vak paaṇi paadau na chopastha paayoo” content=”not of speech, not the hands or feet; and not force behind the movement of the body or materials within the body for absorption or elimination न not वाक् speech पणि hands पाद feet न not चोपति (चुप्) move पायु organs of elimination”]
[tooltips keyword=”Chidaananda rupah shivoham shivoham” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. चित् consciousness आनन्द bliss रूप nature, form शिव Shiva, God-consciousness अहम् I am”].

I am neither the praana/vital air, nor the five forces3. of praana, and I am neither the seven-fold4 materials that help in bodily development and maintenance of the body nor am the five elements of personality5. I have no organs of action6, be it speech, movement, walking or gesturing. I am pure consciousness, Bliss, the Self; I am Auspiciousness, auspiciousness alone!  

[tooltips keyword=”न मे द्वेषरागौ न मे लोभमोहौ” content=”I am not of hate, anger or delusion, I am not of greed or infatuation द्वेष hatred राग passion, anger, affliction न मे am not लोभ greed मोह infatuation, delusion”], [tooltips keyword=”मदो नैव मे नैव मात्सर्यभावः” content=”I am not passion, in competition or jealous of any मदो passion नैव मे indeed not नैव indeed not मात्सर्य jealousy भावः feeling”] ।
[tooltips keyword=”न धर्मो न चार्थो न कामो न मोक्षः” content=”I am neither the principles of righteousness nor the four pillars of life; not love and desire nor liberation from it all न धर्मो not righteous principles न चार्थो not the four pillars of life न कामो not love and desire न मोक्षः not liberation”], [tooltips keyword=”चिदानन्दरूपः शिवोऽहम् शिवोऽहम्” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. चित् consciousness आनन्द bliss रूप nature, form शिव Shiva, God-consciousness अहम् I am”]

[tooltips keyword=”Na me dveṣha raagau na me lobha mohau” content=”I am not of hate, anger or delusion, I am not of greed or infatuation dvesha hatred raaga passion, anger, affliction na me am not lobha greed moha infatuation, delusion”]
[tooltips keyword=”Mado naiva me naiva maatsarya bhaavah” content=”I am not passion, in competition or jealous of any mada passion naiva me indeed not naiva indeed not matsarya jealousy bhaavah feeling”]
[tooltips keyword=”Na dharmo na chaartho na kaamo na mokshah” content=”I am neither the principles of righteousness nor the four pillars of life; not love and desire nor liberation from it all na dharma not righteous principles na chaartho not the four pillars of life na kaama not love and desire na moksha not liberation”]
[tooltips keyword=”Chidaananda rupah shivoham shivoham” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. chitta consciousness aananda bliss roopa nature, form shiva Shiva, God-consciousness aham I am”].

I have no likes or dislikes. I have no greed or delusion. I have no pride or arrogance. I am neither jealous of anyone nor do I compete with anyone7. I even do not even need the pillars of life8. I am pure consciousness, Bliss, the Self, I am Auspiciousness, auspiciousness alone!

[tooltips keyword=”न पुण्यं न पापं न सौख्यं न दुःखं” content=”I am neither of sin nor virtue; neither of worldly joy and happiness nor sorrow and unhappiness न पुण्यं not virtue, merits न पापं not sin न सौख्यं not worldly joy, happiness न दुःखं not unhappiness, sorrow”], [tooltips keyword=”न मन्त्रो न तीर्थो न वेदा न यज्ञ” content=”I am neither the sacred verses nor the sacred places; neither the Supreme Wisdom of the Vedas, nor the rituals न मन्त्रो not mantras न तीर्थो not places of pilgrimage न वेदा not Veda न यज्ञ not Yagya”] ।
[tooltips keyword=”अहं भोजनं नैव भोज्यं न भोक्ता” content=”I am not enjoyment or experience and indeed not the object of enjoyment or the enjoyer (one who experiences) अहं भोजनं I am not enjoyment or experience नैव indeed not भोज्यं object to be experienced or enjoyed न भोक्ता not the one enjoying or experiencing”], [tooltips keyword=”चिदानन्दरूपः शिवोऽहम् शिवोऽहम्” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. चित् consciousness आनन्द bliss रूप nature, form शिव Shiva, God-consciousness अहम् I am”]

[tooltips keyword=”Na puṇyam na paapam na shaukhyam na duhkham” content=”I am neither of sin nor virtue; neither of worldly joy and happiness nor sorrow and unhappiness na punyam not virtue, merits na paapam not sin na soukhyam not worldly joy, happiness na duhkham not unhappiness, sorrow”]
[tooltips keyword=”Na mantro na teertham na vedaa na yagyaaha” content=”I am neither the sacred verses nor the sacred places; neither the Supreme Wisdom of the Vedas, nor the rituals Na mantro not mantras na teertho not places of pilgrimage na veda not Veda na yagya not Yagya”]
[tooltips keyword=”Aham bhojanam naiva bhogyam na bhoktaa” content=”I am not enjoyment or experience and indeed not the object of enjoyment or the enjoyer (one who experiences) aham bhojanam I am not enjoyment or experience naiva indeed not bhojyam object to be experienced or enjoyed na bhoktaa not the one enjoying or experiencing”]
[tooltips keyword=”Chidaananda rupah shivoham shivoham” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. chitta consciousness aananda bliss roopa nature, form shiva Shiva, God-consciousness aham I am”].

I am neither sinful nor sinless9. I have neither pleasure nor pain, joy nor sorrow. I need not know any Mantra, nor do I need to make any pilgrimages. I need not know any scripture nor do I gain anything through rituals. I am not the experience (subject) not the experienced (object) and not the experiencer (doer), I am pure consciousness, Bliss, the Self, I am Auspiciousness, auspiciousness alone!

[tooltips keyword=”न मे मृत्युशंका न मे जातिभेदः” content=”I am not the experience and fear of death nor am I the distinction or experience of any class of life न मे I am not मृत्यु dear शंका fear of न मे जाति I am not class, caste, form of life भेद distinction”], [tooltips keyword=”पिता नैव मे नैव माता न जन्मः” content=”Neither am I father or mother nor am I the experience of father or mother. I am not the experience of birth, nor having been born पिता father नैव indeed not मे नैव I am not माता mother न जन्मः one taking birth”]।
[tooltips keyword=”न बन्धुर्न मित्रं गुरूर्नैव शिष्यः” content=”I am neither sibling nor friend and neither teacher nor student/disciple न not बन्धु brother, sibling मित्रं friend गुरू teacher शिष्यः student, disciple”], [tooltips keyword=”चिदानन्दरूपः शिवोऽहम् शिवोऽहम्” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. चित् consciousness आनन्द bliss रूप nature, form शिव Shiva, God-consciousness अहम् I am”]॥

[tooltips keyword=”Na me mrityu shankaa na me jaati bhedah” content=”I am not the experience and fear of death nor am I the distinction or experience of any class of life न मे I am not मृत्यु dear शंका fear of न मे जाति I am not class, caste, form of life भेद distinction”]
[tooltips keyword=”Pitaa naiva me naiva maataa na janma” content=”Neither am I father or mother nor am I the experience of father or mother. I am not the experience of birth, nor having been born पिता father नैव indeed not मे नैव I am not माता mother न जन्मः one taking birth”]
[tooltips keyword=”Na bandhur na mitram gurur naiva shiṣhyah” content=”I am neither sibling nor friend and neither teacher nor student/disciple न not बन्धु brother, sibling मित्रं friend गुरू teacher शिष्यः student, disciple”]
[tooltips keyword=”Chidaananda rupah shivoham shivoham” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. chitta consciousness aananda bliss roopa nature, form shiva Shiva, God-consciousness aham I am”].

I do not experience death, or fear, I have no distinction of caste or class, I have neither father nor mother – I was never born!10. I have neither relatives nor friends11; I have neither any teacher (guru) nor any student, I am pure consciousness, Bliss, the Self, I am Auspiciousness, auspiciousness alone!

[tooltips keyword=”अहं निर्विकल्पो निराकार रूपो” content=”I am not with an alternative and I am neither formless nor without form अहं I am निर्विकल्पो free from change and without alternative निराकार formless रूप with form”], [tooltips keyword=”विभुत्वाच सर्वत्र सर्वेन्द्रियाणाम्” content=”विभुत्व omnipotent, omnipresent, almighty, everywhere च and सर्वत्र everywhere सर्वे all इन्द्रिय power (and power of senses)”]।
[tooltips keyword=”न चासङ्गतम् नैव मुक्तिर्न मेयः” content=”And I am not attached to anything, indeed I am not bound to anything न not च and असङ्गत disunited, apart नैव indeed not  मुक्ति freedom/liberation न not मेयः measurable with, bound to”], [tooltips keyword=”चिदानन्दरूपः शिवोऽहम् शिवोऽहम्” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. चित् consciousness आनन्द bliss रूप nature, form शिव Shiva, God-consciousness अहम् I am”]॥

[tooltips keyword=”Aham nirvikalpo niraakaara-roopo” content=”I am not with an alternative and I am neither formless nor without form अहं I am निर्विकल्पो free from change and without alternative निराकार formless रूप with form”]
[tooltips keyword=”Vibhur vyaapya sarvatra sarvendriyaaṇaam” content=”विभुत्व omnipotent, omnipresent, almighty, everywhere च and सर्वत्र everywhere सर्वे all इन्द्रिय power (and power of senses)”]
[tooltips keyword=”Na cha saṅgatam naiva muktirna meyah” content=”And I am not attached to anything, indeed I am not bound to anything न not च and असङ्गत disunited, apart नैव indeed not  मुक्ति freedom/liberation न not मेयः measurable with, bound to”].
[tooltips keyword=”Chidaananda rupah shivoham shivoham” content=”I am consciousness, pure consciousness. chitta consciousness aananda bliss roopa nature, form shiva Shiva, God-consciousness aham I am”].

I am free of thought. I am changeless, formless, enveloping all. Untouched by senses, I am all-pervading and all-existent12. Unfathomable, I am even beyond freedom. I am pure consciousness, Bliss, the Self, I am Auspiciousness, auspiciousness alone!

  1. The ultimate “I” is addressed in these shlokas, creating a distinction between the elements which we usually feel is the self versus the Ultimate Self. Everything comes from and merges into Brahman, therefore everything is Brahman.
  2. The 5 senses are from the perspective of 10 Indriyas (senses), 5 active expressions called कर्मिन्द्रिय (karmendriya) (sense of action) which are also called the 5 exit doors which includes वाक् तत्त्व vaaktattva – the philosophy and science of speech, पानितत्त्व paani-tattva – grasping, gesturing, moving and manipulation of (hands), पादतत्त्व paadatattva – walking, standing (feet), पायुतत्त्व paayutattva – eliminating/excretion (anus), उपस्थतत्त्व upasthatattva – procreation (genitals). Then the 5 cognitive senses, ज्ञानेन्द्रिय  Jyanendriya, called entrance doors (entrance to consciousness) – that is the 5 cognitive senses, आँख or नेत्र eye – which allows sight or चक्षु relating to अग्नि agni, नाक – nose allows smelling, जीव tongue – tasting, त्वचा fingers – touching and कान ears hearing.
  3. The five types of Praana:  प्राण Praan, अपान Apaan, व्यान Vyaan, उदान Udaan and समान Samaan. प्राण वायु Praana-vayu operates from the heart chakra, upward flowing energy that revitalizes the life forces. Apana Vayu operates from the base of the torso (last chakra), downward flowing energy that has to do with eliminating and throwing off what is no longer needed. Samana Vayu operates in the navel chakra, dealing with digestion and allowing for mental discrimination between useful and non-useful thoughts. Udana-Vayu operates from the throat chakra and drives exhalation, eliminating the unnecessary and working in conjunction with Praana-vayu. Vyana-Vayu operates throughout the body, coordinating energy and flow of and through various systems and processes. The Praana force drives the ten indriyas (कर्मिन्द्रिय karmendriya and ज्ञानिन्द्रिय gyaandriya)
  4. The 7 materials in bodily development and maintenance (called 7 dhaatus) are रस धातु  rasa dhaatu (Fluids, plasma, the flow of nourishment between cells), रक्त धातु  rakta dhaatu (blood cells), मांस धातु maasa dhaatu (Muscular tissue and flesh), मेद धातु meda dhaatu (other tissues, adipose tissues, fatty tissue), अस्थि धातु Asthi Dhaatu (bones and cartilage that provide support), मज्जा धातु Majjaa Dhaatu (Bone marrow that supports Asthi Dhaatu) and शुक्र धातु Shukra Dhaatu (Generative tissues, also reproductive tissues including semen)
  5. The five elements of personality, known as the 5-fold state are anatomical, physiological, mental, intellectual, and bliss. These are referred to as the 5 elements for body (food, air, mind, knowledge or wisdom and pleasure). However, in Yoga, there are 5 koshas – which are the sheaths or layers of consciousness surrounding us are: अन्नमय कोश Annamaya kosha (physical sheath), प्राणमय कोश Pranamaya kosha (energy sheath), मनोमय कोश manamaya kosha (mental sheath), विज्ञानमय कोश vigyanamaya kosha (wisdom sheath), आनन्दमय कोश anandamaya kosha (bliss sheath) and आत्मन कोश atman kosha (self, ‘I” or soul)
  6. The 5 organs of action: mouth, hands, feet, reproduction, excretion
  7. This identifies 6 types of likes/dislikes with others: द्वेष dvesha feeling of hatred, राग raaga – feeling of friendship, लोभ lobha greed, मोह moha worldly attachment, मद mada arrogance, मात्सर्य maatsarya jealousy
  8. The 4 scriptural pillars of life (purpose of physical living) are usually referred to as the 4 पुरुषार्थ purusharthas of life: धर्म  Dharma – Righteous Laws (principles) of Life, अर्थ Artha – wealth, काम Kaama – desires, मोक्ष Moksha – emancipation.
  9. The worldly कर्म karmas and their fruits: पुण्य Punya virtuous actions and पाप paapa sinful actions; सुख sukha pleasure and happiness and दुःख dukha sorrow/pain. AND the righteous कर्म karmas and their fruits. वेद Veda (scripture) and मन्त्र Mantra (divine words); तीर्थ teertha (pilgrimage (also water) and यज्ञ yagya ritual and sacrifice
  10. Life and its association with self is now being detached जन्म Janma – birth; मृत्यु mrityu – death, जाति भेद jaati bhedah – classification in life and caste (varna), शंखा shamkaa – doubts and suspicion.
  11. The main types of developmental relationships are said to be between Father & Mother, Parents and Children, Siblings, Friends and teacher & student
  12. Only after the detachment from everything, every relation, every craving that we then realize the potent of liberation. Moksh and liberation. Freedom from everything brings godlike quality and merging with God. To attain the qualities of nirvikalpa (One without class, differences), being independent of any classification; niraakaar – formless. roopa – nature, vibhuh – all existent, sarvendriya – in all senses; etc