God as family – tvameva maataa

God as family – tvameva maataa

In every approach to worship, we revere God as, firstly, the highest, purest form of the Self. He is called Paramaatma, the soul of our soul. We all call God by various names, the most intimate of which are Father, Mother, Brother, friend and teacher. The popular tvameva maataa cha pitaa tvameva verse exemplifies the closeness with which we view the Almighty.

These three verses from the Pandava Gita, Sharanagati and Bhaagvatam are very similar in expression.


This popular verse is can be found in the Pandava Gita (V28) as an appeal by Gandhari to Lord Krishna.

त्वमे माता पिता त्वमे त्वमे ्धुश्च खा त्वमे
त्वमेिद्या द्रिणत्वमे त्वमे ्वमम देव देव

Tvameva maataa cha pitaa tvameva,
tvameva bandhush-cha sakhaa tvameva.
Tvameva vidyaa dravinam tvameva,
Tvameva sarvam mama deva deva.

O Lord Thou art our mother and father. Thou art our brother and friend. Thou art our knowledge and wealth. Thou art everything to us O Lord.

त्वम् you एव indeed/truly/in reality माता mother  and पिता father ्धु – relation  and खा friend िद्या knowledge द्रिणम् wealth ्वं all मम mine, my देव illuminated ones


The following version of the tvameva maataa verse can be found in the Sharangati Gadyam (v12.2) of Ramanujacharya, written in the 11th century. The Sharangati Gadyam is pure expression of bhakti, a conversation between Ramanuja and Narayana with Sri (Lakshmi).

त्वमे माता पिता त्वमे त्वमे ्धुश्चुरुस्त्वमे
त्वमेिद्या द्रिणत्वमे त्वमे ्वमम देवदेव

Tvameva maataa cha pitaa tvameva
tvameva bandhushcha-gurustvameva.
Tvameva vidyaa dravinam tvameva,
Tvameva sarvam mama deva deva.

You are Mother, Father, Relations and teacher. You are my knowledge and my wealth; My everything.


The following verse, similar to the tvameva maataa verse is from the Srimad Bhagvatam (11.7).

ाय ्त्विश्वाव त्वमे माताुहृत्पति: पिता
त्वद्गुरुर्न: परमं दैवतं ्यानुवृत्त्या ृतिनो ूविम॥

Bhavaaya nastvam bhava vishva-bhaavana
tvameva maataatha suhrit-patih pitaa.
Tvam sadgururnah paramam cha daivatam
yasyaanauvrittyaa kritino babhuvim

O Creator, you are the source of my happiness, indeed you are my mother, father, well-wisher and companion. You are our Lord, the most high and supreme spiritual master who alone is worthy of worship. By following your instructions, we become successful.

ाय welfare, happiness for us त्व you are, become िश्वाव Creator of the world त्वमे